The Republic The Flavian Emperors

Rome: The Julio-Claudian Emperors

27 B.C. to 69 A.D.

After the defeat of Mark Antony, Octavian became the effective ruler of Rome. In 27 BC he accepted the title of "Augustus" and thus became Rome's first emperor. Under his rule, the empire was expanded and grand building works undertaken in Rome itself.

Although Augustus presented himself as "first citizen" and a servant of the Senate, he nonetheless made provision for his successors. These were a motley crew: Tiberius, the mad Caligula, Claudius, conquerer of Britain, and the tyrant Nero.

During the reign of Augustus, in Roman Judea, a boy was born who would later have an enormous impact on the Roman Empire and the world. The boy was Jesus Christ. He was crucified during the reign of Tiberius.

After the suicide of Nero in 68 AD came the year of the four emperors. Galba, Otho and Vitellius came and went in a matter of months until stability was restored under Vespasian.

List of Emperors
Information on references used Information on Roman Denominations

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Augustus
16th Jan. 27 BC - 19th Aug. 14 AD
AE As of Pergamum
Augustus
16th Jan. 27 BC - 19th Aug. 14 AD
AR Denarius
Augustus
16th Jan. 27 BC - 19th Aug. 14 AD
AR Cistophorus
Augustus
16th Jan. 27 BC - 19th Aug. 14 AD
AR Tetradrachm
Augustus
16th Jan. 27 BC - 19th Aug. 14 AD
AE/AR Plated Denarius
Augustus
16th Jan. 27 BC - 19th Aug. 14 AD
AE17 of Syria: Gadara
Augustus
16th Jan. 27 BC - 19th Aug. 14 AD
AE Quadrans
Agrippa: under Tiberius or Caligula
b. 63 BC - d. 12 BC
AE As
Augustus and Agrippa
Colonia Nemausus issue
Brass Dupondius
Tiberius
19th Aug. 14 AD - 16th Mar. 37 AD
AV Aureus
Tiberius
19th Aug. 14 AD - 16th Mar. 37 AD
AE As under Augustus
Tiberius
19th Aug. 14 AD - 16th Mar. 37 AD
AR Denarius
Tiberius/Augustus
Countermarked Dupondius
Tiberius on Augustus coin
Drusus
b. 14 BC - d. 23 AD
AE As
Caligula
18th Mar. 37 AD - 24th Jan 41 AD
AE As
Caligula - Divus Augustus
(Augustus) 27 BC - 14 AD
Orichalcum Dupondius
Germanicus (under Caligula)
b. 15 BC, d. 19 AD
AE As
Germanicus (under Caligula)
b. 15 BC, d. 19 AD
Brass Dupondius
Agrippina Senior (under Caligula)
b. 15 BC, d. 33 AD
Brass Sestertius
Claudius I
24th Jan 41 AD - 13th Oct. 54 AD
AE As
Claudius I
24th Jan 41 AD - 13th Oct. 54 AD
AE As
Claudius I
24th Jan 41 AD - 13th Oct. 54 AD
AE Quadrans
Messalina, wife of Claudius
d. 48 AD
Billon Tetradrachm
Antonia, mother of Claudius
b. 36 BC, d. 37 AD
AE Dupondius
Nero
13th Oct. 54 AD - 9th June 68 AD
AE 21mm
Nero
13th Oct. 54 AD - 9th June 68 AD
AE Dupondius
Nero
13th Oct. 54 AD - 9th June 68 AD
AE As
Nero
13th Oct. 54 AD - 9th June 68 AD
AR Denarius
Agrippina Junior d. 59 AD
d. 65 AD
Tetradrachm of Antioch
Poppaea wife of Nero
d. 65 AD
Billon Tetradrachm
Galba
8th June 68 AD - 15th Jan 69 AD
AR Denarius
Otho
15th Jan - 17th April 69 AD
AR Denarius
Vitellius
2nd Jan - 1st July 69 AD
AR Denarius
Vitellius
2nd Jan - 1st July 69 AD
AR Denarius


The Republic
The Julio-Claudian Emperors
The Flavian, Adoptive and Antonine Emperors
The Severan Emperors
The Barrack Room Emperors
The Gallic Empire
Aurelian's Monetary Reforms
The Tetrarchy, Constantine and Licinius
The heirs of Constantine
The Valentinian Emperors to the Fall
Roman Imitative Coins