Islamic Rulers
Iran - early period

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All dates are A.D.


IRAN EARLY PERIOD
DYNASTY LOCATION DATES NOTES
Tahirids around Samarkand, now eastern Uzbekistan 821-873 Tahir was an officer in the service of the Abbasid Caliph al-Ma'mun
Harthamid Khorasan, now eastern Iran 822 - 824
Khujistanid eastern Khorasan, now eastern Iran 874 - 881
Dulafid west and central Iran 879 - 897 originally Abbasid governors
Amir of Northwest Jibal western Iran 878 - 885 originally Turkish Abbasid governor of Mosul (now northern Iraq), independent in western Iran
Saffarid southern Iran 861 - 1222 conquered by Seljuks 1048, then restored until Mongols
Zanj Iraq 872 - 884 black African slaves in Iraq who revolted. Zanj gives the name to Zanzibar
Banijurid (Abu Da'udid) eastern Khorastan, now eastern Iran 883 - 988
Amir of al-Khuttal Tajikstan 898 - 1046
Samanid Transoxiana, Uzbekistan/south Kazakstan 864 1005 Nasr II b. Ahmad
Samanid of Akhsikath (Ferghana valley) Uzbekistan 882 - 952
Muhtajid Samanid vassals in Saghaniyan, Uzbekistan c. 940 - 987
Amirs of Bust western Afghanistan 948 - 979
Ma'mund Khwarizm, north west Uzbekistan 951 - 1009
Amir of Rayy usurper in Damghan, now north/central Iran, south of Caspian Sea 950 - 959
Amir of Farwan Afghanistan 945 - 959
Sajid Armenia, between the Caspian and Black Seas 901 - 937
Amirs of Yun Yun, Tokharistan, north-east Afghanistan c. 990s - c. 1030s
Khazars Ukraine and parts of Russia 830s - 840s supposedly Jewish kingdom
Volga-Bulgarians middle Volga river, Russia c. 1913 - 958
Su'ukid Rayy, S.E. of Tehran, Iran 914 - 928
Kurds of Adharbayjan Azerbaijan 938 - 952
Sallarid Azerbaijan 942 - 971
Kangarid Tarom, Qazin, N.W. of Tehran, Iran 954 - 955
Jastanid (or Justanid) Gilan N.W. of Tehran, Iran 948 - 974
Rawwadid Tabriz, eastern Azerbaijan 997 - 1016
Mazyadid (Shirvanshahs) Shirvan in the Caucasus 991 - 1027
Shaddadid Kurdish dynasty in Armenia c. 950 - c. 1170
Hadhabani Kurds Ushni, western Azerbaijan c. 1035 - 1061
Habbarid (Amirs of Sind) Pakistan, mouth of the Indus 9th to early 11th century
Qarakhanid (Ilak Khans) see right 992 - 1211 The Qarakhanid belonged to the Qarluq tribal confederation. With the disintegration of the Samanids, the Qarakhanids took over the territories in Transaxonia, with the Ghaznavids who gained Khorasan and Afghanistan. At the end of the 11th century, the Qarakhanids were forced to accept Seljuk suzerainty. In 1211 the Qarakhanids were defeated by the Khwarazm Shah Ala'ad Din Muhammad.
Mas'ud bin Hasan 1161 - 1171
Quara-Khitay ("black Chinese") Balkh, northern Afghanistan 1180 - early 1190s nomad Mongols from north China
'Alid of Tabaristan bordering southern Caspian Sea 800s - 926 local Shiite rulers
Immams of Hawsam modern Rudsar, N.W. of Tehran, Iran 931 - 961
Bavandid of Tabaristan bordering southern Caspian Sea 964 - 1172
Ziyarid Tabaristan and Jurgan, bordering southern and SE Caspian Sea 927 - 1029
Buwayhid (Buyids) ruled over most of Iraq and Iran 934 - 1062 founded by Daylamite people from the area southwest of the Caspian Sea
Julandid Omani Arabs who ruled on the Iranian side of the Persian Gulf 945 - 960
Ilyasid Kirman, south/central Iran 938 - 966
'Imranid Arab dynasty at Basra, Iraq 987 - 1018
Hasanwayhid Kurdish dynasty in Western Iran 980 - 1014
'Annazid Western Iran 1010 - c. 1048 Kurdish? dynasty who succeeded the Hasanwayhids
Kakwayhid Daylamite dynasty in western and central Iran 1008 - 1051
Ghaznavid see right 949 - 1186 Turkish "slave" governors under the Samanids, around Ghazni (Afghanistan). Their lands at fullest extent went from central Asia to the Punjab
Mahmud I 999 - 1030

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Iran - early period
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