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Eastern Roman Empire

Ruler: Marcian
Reigned: Eastern Augustus 450 - 457 AD
Denomination: AV Solidus
Mint: Constantinople
Date of Issue: 450 - 457 AD
Obverse: Helmeted and Cuirassed bust facing, holding spear in right hand, held over right shoulder and shield on left arm. "D.N. MARCIANVS P.F. AVG."
Reverse: Victory standing left holding long cross. "VICTORIA AVGGG Θ"
Mint marks:
CONOB
(star)
Reference: RIC X 510, RCVM 21379
Weight: 4.5 gms
Nominal Weight: 4.5 gms
Diameter: 19.9 mm
Comment: Victory, so long used on Roman coinage, still appears on this Christian coin, transforming herself into an "angel".

MARCIAN

  • Marcian was a distinguished military officer who had been an aide to the powerful general, Aspar, when he was appointed by the dying Theodosius II to succeed him.
  • As part of the arrangement, Marcian, although an old man, married Pulcheria, the virgin sister of Theodosius II.
  • Marcian ended the payment of money to the Huns, preferring the sword instead. It is probably this policy that caused Attila to attack the weak Western Roman Empire.
  • One of the most important events of Marcian's reign was the Fourth Ecumenical Council held at the city of Chalcedon. There Monophysitism was discussed and declared a heresy.
  • Marcian died in 457 without leaving any heirs. He was succeeded by Leo I.

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R27310