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Eastern Roman Empire

Ruler: Theodosius II
Reigned: Eastern Augustus 402 - 450 AD
Denomination: Gold Solidus
Mint: Constantinople
Date of Issue: 408 - 420 AD
Obverse: Pearl-diademed, helmeted, and cuirassed bust facing slightly right, holding spear and shield. "D.N. THEODO-SIVS P.F. AVG."
Reverse: Constantinopolis seated right, right foot on prow, holding scepter and Victory on globe; star to left; "CONCORDI-A AVG."
Mint marks:
star
CONOB
Reference: RIC X 202; Depeyrot 73/2, RCVM 21127
Weight: 4.4 gms
Nominal Weight: 4.5 gms
Diameter: 20.4 mm

THEODOSIUS II

  • Theodosius II was the son of Arcadius and Eudoxia and was raised to the rank of Caesar at the age of 9 months in January 402.
  • When Arcadius died at Constantinople from an illness on 1st May 408, Theodosius II, now only seven years old, succeeded him on the throne.
  • The regency was assummed by the Praetorian Prefect, Anthemius. It was Anthemius who made the city of Constantinople almost impregnable by constructing its famous triple wall on the landward side.
  • Anthemius restored friendly relations between the Eastern and Western halves of the Roman Empire after the death of Flavius Stilicho in 408.
  • In 414 the task of regent was taken over by Theodosius's sister, Aelia Pulcheria
  • All the Roman laws from the time of Constantine I onwards were amalgamated into one manuscript, known as the Codex Theodosianus.
  • While the western empire was succumbing to the barbarians, the east under Theodosius was relatively prosperous and peaceful.
  • Much money was spent paying off the Huns, so that by 450, the treasury was dangerously depleted.
  • In 450, Theodosius fell from his horse and broke his back, later dying from his injuries.
  • Before he died, he named Marcian, as his successor.

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R26900