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Eastern Roman Empire

Ruler: Eudoxia wife of Arcadius
Reigned: married 395 AD died 404 AD
Denomination: Bronze Centenionalis
Mint: Constantinople
Date of Issue: 400 - 402 AD
Obverse: Diademed and draped bust right. Hand holding wreath over her head. "AEL. EVDOXIA AVG."
Reverse: Empress enthroned facing; above, hand holding wreath. "GLORIA ROMANORVM".
Mint marks:
Reference: RIC X 79, RCVM 20887
Weight: 1.7 gms
Nominal Weight: 2.0 - 2.5 gms extremely variable
Diameter: 15.9 mm

Aelia Eudoxia

  • Aelia Eudoxia was the wife of the Eastern Roman emperor Arcadius.
  • Her father was a Frankish chieftain and Roman consul in 385, named Bauto.
  • Her marriage on 27th April 395 to Arcadius to Eudoxia was arranged by Arcadius' corrupt minister, the eunuch Eutropius.
  • She came to resent being dominated by Eutropius, and in 399 helped bring about his downfall.
  • She was designated Augusta on 9th January 400, and dominated her ineffectual husband from then on.
  • Although a devote Christian, she quarreled with John Chrysostom, patriarch of Constantinople, and in 404 had him exiled.
  • On 6th October 404, she died from a miscarriage.
  • Arcadius and Eudoxia had four daughters and a son, who became the emperor Theodosius II. One of the daughters, Pulcheria, was regent for Theodosius II for several years.

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