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Western Roman Empire

Ruler: Valentinian I
Reigned: Western Augustus 364 - 375 AD
Denomination: Bronze Centenionalis
Mint: Heraclea
Date of Issue: 364 - 365 AD + 367-8? AD
Obverse: Pearl-diademed bust right, draped and cuirassed. "D.N. VALENTINIANVS P.F. AVG."
Reverse: Victory advancing left holding wreath and palm. "SECVRITAS REIPVBLICAE"
Mint marks:
 
SMHA
Reference: RIC IX 5a, RCVM 19519
Weight: 2.7 gms
Nominal Weight: 2.5 gms
Diameter: 18.5 mm
Comment: This issue was interrupted by the revolt of Procopius in 365 AD.

VALENTINIAN I (Flavius Valentinianus)

  • Valentinian was born in Cibalae (near modern Osijek, Croatia), in the province of Pannonia.
  • Jovian died on 16th February 364, on his way to Constantinople, found dead in his tent.
  • The Roman army elected Valentinian to succeed him. Valentinian had been an important commander under Julian and Jovian.
  • Valentinian chose his brother Valens to share his rule, as emperor of the East, keeping for himself Illyricum, Italy, Gaul, Britain, Spain, and north Africa.
  • Valentinian was a fairly enightened ruler, pro-Christian and furthering education throughout the empire.
  • In 367 Valentian made his eldest son, Gratian, then 7 years old, co-Emperor in the west.
  • In 375 he went to Illyricum to counter an invasion by the Quadi and Sarmatians. While giving an audience to the invaders, he became so incensed that he suffered a stroke and died.

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R24730