Constantius II Last Coin ------------------ Next Coin Decentius

Roman Empire

Ruler: Magnentius
Reigned: 350 - 353 AD
Denomination: Bronze double Maiorina
Mint: Treveri (Trier)
Date of Issue: 352 - 353 AD
Obverse: Bare-headed, draped and cuirassed bust right. "DN. MAGNEN-TIVS P.F. AVG."
Reverse: Large Christogram between mintmarks. "SALVS DD. NN. AVG ET CAES."
Mint marks:
A ε
Reference: RIC VIII 318, RCVM 18775
Weight: 7.0 gms
Nominal Weight: 8.0 - 9.0 gms
Diameter: 26.8 mm

MAGNENTIUS (Flavus Magnus Magnentius)

  • Magnentius was of barbarian origin.
  • He was a senior commander under Constans.
  • Early in 350 AD, while Constans was on a hunting trip to Gaul, he received word that Magnentius had revolted at Augustodunum (Autun).
  • Constans fled towards Spain but was overtaken and murdered near the fortress of Helene in the foothills of the Pyrenees.
  • Magnentius was recognized in Gaul, Britain, Spain, Africa, and Italy.
  • He lost Illyricum to Vetranio who was acting on behalf of Constantius II.
  • In Italy, he had to quell a revolt by Nepotian in 350.
  • In late 350 or 351, he gave his brother, Decentius, the rank of Caesar, with responibility for the defence of Gaul.
  • Magnentius then tried to re-take Illyricum but was soundly defeated at the battle of Mursa in September 351.
  • Italy and Sicily fell in to Constantius in 352.
  • In 353 Magnentius was defeated in Gaul and besieged in Lugdunum (Lyons).
  • Accepting defeat, Magnentius killed his mother and younger brother and then committed suicide.

Back to main page