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Roman Empire

Ruler: Constantius II as Eastern Augustus
Reigned: Caesar 324-337 AD: Augustus 337-361 AD
Denomination: AV Solidus
Mint: Antioch 1st officina
Date of Issue: 355 - 361 AD
Obverse: Diademed, helmeted, and cuirassed bust facing slightly right, holding spear over right shoulder and shield; "FL. IVL. CONSTAN-TIVS PERP. AVG."
Reverse: Roma seated facing and Constantinopolis seated slightly left, with foot on prow, each holding sceptre and supporting shield between them inscribed "VOT/XX/MVLT/XXX" in four lines; "GLORIA-REI-PVBLICAE"
Mint marks:
Reference: RIC VIII 162; Depeyrot 9/1
Weight: 4.42 gms
Nominal Weight: 4.5 gms
Diameter: 20.6 mm

CONSTANTIUS II (Flavius Julius Constantius)

  • Flavius Julius Constantinus was the second son of Constantine I and Fausta.
  • He was raised to the rank of Caesar in 324.
  • Constantine died on 22nd May 337, and his surviving sons, Constantine II, Constantius II and Constans succeeded him, each with the title Augustus (9th September 337).
  • Constantius was given the eastern provinces of the Empire.
  • For most of his reign, he was involved in wars with Shapur II, Sassanid king of Persia.
  • When Constans was murdered by a usurper, Magnetius, in 350, Constantius took his army to the Balkans, where he defeated Magnentius at the Battle of Mursa (Osijek, Croatia) and so in 351 became the sole ruler of the empire.
  • In 361, on hearing that his cousin, Julian, had been declared Emperor by his troops in Paris, he marched his army west but in Cilicia, was struck down by a fever and died at Mopsucrene on 3rd November 361.

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