Otho Last Coin ------------------ Next Coin Vespasian

Roman Empire

Ruler: Vitellius
Reigned: 2nd Jan - 1st July 69 AD
Denomination: AR Denarius
Mint: Rome
Date of Issue: 69 AD
Obverse: Laureate head right "A. VITELLIVS GERM. IMP. AVG. TR. P."
Reverse: Concordia seated left, patera in right, cornucopia in left "CONCORDIA P. R."
Reference: RIC I, 90, RSC 18
Weight: 3.4 gms
Diameter: 17.6 mm


  • Aulus Vitellius was born September AD 12 or 15, the son of a consul.
  • He was an ardent flatterer of three emperors in turn: Caligula, Claudius and Nero. He was made consul in 48 and governor of Africa in 55-57.
  • In March 68 AD Julius Vindex, governor of Gallia Lugdunensis, revolted against Nero. He was supported by Galba.
  • In May 68 AD the armies of the Rhine defeated Vindex at Besancon. They tried to proclaim their own commander, Verginius Rufus, emperor, but he refused.
  • Galba was declared emperor by the senate on 8th June 68 AD.
  • On 9th June 68 AD Nero committed suicide.
  • In January 69 AD, the armies of Upper and Lower Germany declared Aulus Vitellius their new emperor.
  • 15th January 69 AD, Galba was killed. Otho was declared emperor.
  • Otho took his armies to northern Italy to meet those of Vitellius.
  • Vitellius defeated them at the Battle of Cremona on 14th April 69 AD, although Vitellius stayed in Gaul.
  • Otho committed suicide on 16th April 69 AD.
  • Vitellius entered Rome as emperor.
  • In July 69 AD, the army in the east declared for Titus Flavius Vespasianus, a distinguished general.
  • Antonius Primus, commander of the Sixth Legion in Pannonia, and Cornelius Fuscus, imperial procurator in Illyricum, declared in favour of Vespasian and moved the Danube legions to Italy.
  • On 24th October, Vitellius's armies were defeated at the second Battle of Cremona.
  • On 20th December 69 AD, Vespasian's army reached Rome.
  • Vitellius tried to flee but was caught, killed and thrown into the Tiber.

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