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Roman Empire

Ruler: Tiberius/Augustus
Reigned: (Tiberius) 19th Aug. 14 AD - 16th Mar. 37 AD
Denomination: Countermarked Dupondius of Augustus
Mint: Rome
Date of Issue: [Host coin] 16 BC
Obverse: [Host coin] "AVGVSTVS / TRIBVNIC / POTEST" in three lines in oak-wreath.
Countermark: "TI•C•A"
Reverse: [Host coin] "T CRISPINVS SVLPCIANVS III A A A F F" around "SC"
Reference: RCVM 1669, RIC 334 [Host coin]
Weight: 7.7 gms
Diameter: 24.5 mm
Comment: The initials of the countermark on the obverse probably stand for (TI)berius (C)aesar (A)ugustus. Very little is known about countermarked coins. For those of this period the host coins are often very worn and the counter-marking seems to be a re-validation of the coin. Presumably it was cheaper than carting them of to be melted down and re-minted. They are often found in Britain (as this one was), near Roman military establishments along with normal bronze coins as well as "unofficial" marked and un-marked coins. They are associated with the Claudian invasion of 43 AD, and must have been used for trading with the locals.

TIBERIUS (Tiberius Claudius Nero)

  • Tiberius was born in Rome on November 16, 42 BC the elder son of Tiberius Claudius Nero and Livia Drusilla.
  • In 38 BC his mother divorced his father and married the triumvir Octavian, later Emperor Augustus.
  • In 20 BC, Tiberius commanded an expedition to Armenia, and fought against the Rhaetians and the Pannonians (12-9 BC).
  • In 11 BC Tiberius, on the orders of Augustus, divorced Vipsania Agrippina, daughter of Marcus Vipsanius Agrippa, and married Augustus's daughter Julia, Agrippa's widow.
  • In 6 BC he became a virtual exile on the island of Rhodes, where he devoted himself to study.
  • When he returned to Rome in 2 AD, he found that Julia had been banished for adultery, and with the deaths of Augustus's grandsons, Lucius and Gaius, Augustus was obliged to make Tiberius his successor. He was formally adopted by Augustus in AD 4.
  • When Augustus died at Nola, near Naples, in 14 AD, Tiberius succeeded to the throne.
  • Tiberius was a reasonably a good emperor if unpopular one. Jesus Christ was crucified during his reign.
  • In 26 AD Tiberius left Rome, which he disliked, going to live on the island of Capreae (modern Capri), leaving Rome ruled by Lucius Aelius Sejanus, the prefect of the Praetorian Guard. Realizing that Sejanus was trying to seize power, Tiberius had him and his supporters executed in 31 AD.
  • He died on March 16, 37 AD, at Misenum, near Naples. It was rumoured he was smothered by the prefect of the Praetorian Guard.

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