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Area/Ruler: Bavaria -Regensburg: Bishop Heinrich II and Duke Otto III
Reigned: 1277 AD - 1296 AD
Denomination: AR Pfennig
Date of Issue: 1290-1300
Obverse: Facing bust of bishop or duke under archway with columns.
Reverse: Facing busts of bishop and duke under pointed arches.
Reference: Metcalfe 51
Weight: 0.8 gms
Diameter: 16.4 mm


Bavaria The most important mint of the period was that of Regensburg which was shared both by the bishop and the duke of Bavaria. In 1180 Henry the Lion was compelled by the emperor Friedrich I to renounce Bavaria in favour of Otto of Wittelsbach. To him is attributed the uninscribed coins with obverse type, an eagle, the badge of the Wittelsbachs and a figure of the duke on reverse. The joint issues of bishop and duke of the thirteenth century have as their most common types the bust of either bishop or duke on obverse and the busts of both enclosed in separate arches on the reverse. Under Duke Otto III and Bishop Heinrich Roteneck (1277-96) began the coinage with similar types but with the initials H - O added on either side of the obverse bust. Issues of this type continued until late in the fourteenth century.

(Carson) Regensburg,

also Ratisbon, city in southeast Germany, in Bavaria, a port at the confluence of the Danube and Regen rivers. Around 500 BC Regensburg was a settlement of the Celts. The Romans later utilized the community as a fortress city from the 2nd to the 5th century. Regensburg became a free imperial city in 1245. The city's stone bridge across the Danube (completed 1146) was the only Danube bridge for centuries, and was the starting point of the second and third Crusades. From 1663 to 1806 it was the permanent seat of the diet of the Holy Roman Empire and one of its most important commercial and political centres. St Albertus Magnus taught in Regensburg from 1236 to 1240 and was its bishop from 1260 to 1262.

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