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Area/Ruler: Feudal France: Charles II (the Bold), Duchy of Lorraine
Reigned: 1391 - 1431
Denomination: AR Petit Gros
Mint: Nancy
Obverse: The Duke, sword in right hand and sash across right shoulder."CAROLVS DVX LOR??"
Reverse: Inscription in two concentric circle. Cross in centre, crossing inner inscription.
Outer "?". Inner "MONETA DE NANCI"
Reference: B 1480, coll Robert 1350
Weight: 2.1 gms
Diameter: 23.1 mm

Charles II (the Bold)


Charlemagne was succeeded by his son, Louis the Pius (814-840), but on his death war broke out between his surviving sons. Charles the Bald and Louis the German ganged-up against Lothar I and their first success was the battle of Fontenoy (841). The Partition of Verdun (843) divided the Empire in three: Charles took what is roughly now France, Louis what is now roughly Germany and Lothar a large chunk between, stretching from Provence to the Low Countries. This last part was known as Lotharingia, which eventually became Lorraine, although much shrunk.

The Duchy of Lorraine was founded in 895 and divided into Upper and Lower Lorraine in 956. The former survived in reduced form as the Duchy of Lorraine, while the latter, also in reduce form, became the Duchy of Brabant. Several fiefs emerged in the 12th–13th cent. that escaped the control of the dukes. Chief of these were the county of Barrois, later the duchy of Bar, and the three bishoprics of Metz, Toul, and Verdun.

Charles II (the Bold)

Charles II (the Bold): 1391 – January 1431 (House of Alsace), was the son of Jean I. He was born in 1365. Through careful diplomacy and the marriage of his daughter and successor to René of Anjou, duke of Bar, he made Lorraine a significant power. On Charles’s death, René (I) became duke of both (House of Anjou).

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