|Dynasty:||Ilkhans - Mongols of Persia|
|Reigned:||1295-1304 AD (694-703 AH)|
|Denomination:||AR 2-Dirhem (Post-reform)|
|Obverse:||Tri-ligual (Arabic, Mongol and Nagari (Chinese Pagspa script)|
By 1231 Mongol armies had overrun Iran, Mesopotamia, Armenia, and Georgia. In 1258 Baghdad, the seat of the Abbasid caliphate, was captured. Hulagu, a grandson of Genghis Khan, was given the task of capturing Iran by the paramount Mongol chieftain Mongke. Hulagu set out in about 1253 with a Mongol army of about 130,000. He founded the Ilkhanid dynasty in 1256, and by 1258 he had captured Baghdad and all Iran. The Ilkhans consolidated their position in Iran and reunited the region as a political and territorial entity after several centuries of fragmented rule by petty dynasties. During the reign of the Ilkhan Mahmud Ghazan (reigned 1295–1304), the Ilkhans lost all contact with the remaining Mongol chieftains of China. Mahmud Ghazan himself embraced Sunnite Islam, and his reign saw an Iranian cultural renaissance in which such scholars as Rashid ad-Din flourished under his patronage.
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