|Dynasty:||Great Seljuqs -Iran|
|Ruler:||Sanjar (Mu‘izz al-Din Abu‘l Harith)|
|Reigned:||1118-57 (490-491 AH)|
|Denomination:||De-based gold Dinar|
|Obverse:||Inscription in 4? lines. Two line concentric inscription.|
|Reverse:||Inscription in 6? lines. One line concentric inscription.|
Taking advantage of the uncertainty surrounding the Ghaznavid succession when Mahmud died in 421/1030, Tughril Beg the leader of the Seljuqs, one of the bands of Turkish Oghuz soldiers in Ghaznavid service, seized the province of Khwarazm and in 429/1038 took the new title of `sultan' at Nishapur. To the west, the Buyid control of the rest of Persia was disintegrating and Tughril pushed his way steadily towards Baghdad while his brother Chagri Beg established himself in Khurasan. The Shiite views supported by the Buyids were not universally popular and the existence of the rival Fatimid Caliph in Egypt was a threat to the 'Abbasid Caliphate. Tughril's espousal of the traditional Sunni view of Islam was therefore looked upon with favour and in 447/1055 he was invited to Baghdad by the Caliph (or his vizier, his name included in the Friday prayers, and his title as Sultan confirmed. Before he died eight years later Tughril had destroyed the remnants of Buyid influence and dealt with the rival Inali Seljuqs of Hamadan.
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