|Ruler:||Akbar (Abu'l Fath Jalaluddin Muhammad)|
|Reigned:||1556 - 1605|
|Obverse:||Quatrefoil borders. Persian Inscription. 2 test marks|
|Reverse:||Central incription within square. Persian script. Test mark|
|Reference:||SAC 80.1, MI 3031|
MUGHAL EMPIRE -AKBAR
When Akbar succeeded his father,Humayun, on 14 February 1556, he faced a major challenge from Himu, a Hindu General of Afghan rulers of Bihar. Himu was a very capable general and had won 22 successive battles when he marched towards Delhi. While Akbar was in the Punjab, he captured Delhi and proclaimed himself the ruler of India with a coveted title of Vikramaditya. The issue of supremacy had to be resolved, so both the armies met on the battleground of Panipat. This was a historically crucial battle, also known as the second battle of Panipat. Luck favoured Akbar, as just when the Mughals were losing the ground, a chance arrow struck Himu in eye and he fell unconscious, creating confusion among his soldiers. They assumed that Himu was dead, and left the battlefield. During this confusion, the helpless Himu was captured alive, and slain immediately by Akbar. The Mughals took the advantage, and reoccupied Delhi and most of the territories of Afghan rulers and nobles. This ended the long Mughal-Afghan contest for supremacy in India giving clear verdict in favour of the greatest Mughal, Akbar.
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