Abdera, Southern Thrace
Northern Aegean coast, nearly opposite to the island of Thasos.
Abdera was a town of southern Thrace, near the mouth of the Neatus, which flowed through the town. According to mythology, it was founded by Hercules in honour of his favourite, Aberderus; but according to history, it was colonised by Timesius of Clazomenae in about 656 B.C. Timesius was expelled by the Thracians, and the town was colonised a second time by the inhabitants of Teos in Ionia, who settled there after their own town had been taken by the Persians in 544 B.C. Abdera was a flourishing town when Xerxes stopped there before invading Greece, and continued to be a place of importance under the Romans, who made it a free city. It was the birthplace of Democritus, Protagoras, Anaxarchus, and other distinguished men; but its inhabitants notwithstanding were accounted stupid, and an "Abderite" was a term of reproach.