Henry V Last Coin ------------------ Next Coin Edward IV

Dynasty: Anglo-Gallic
Ruler: Henry VI First Reign
Reigned: 1st Reign 1422-61, 2nd Reign 1470-71
Denomination: AV Salut d'or
Mint: Rouen; -leopard symbol; Etienne Marcel -mintmaster
Date of Issue: Second issue, 1433-1444
Obverse: The Annunciation: the Virgin, nimbate, standing facing, receiving tablet inscribed "AVE" from the Archangel Gabriel standing left; coats-of-arms of France and England before, double-pellet stops in legend, pellet within annulet under last letter. "hENRICVS : DEI : GRA : FRACORV : Z : AELIE : REX leopard"
Reverse: Latin cross with lis and lion passant on either side, "?" below; all within decalobe, each point ending in lis; star stops in legend, pellet within annulet under last letter. "XPC * VINCIT * XPC * REGNAT * XPC * ImPERAT leopard"
Reference: Beresford-Jones, Salutes pp. 78, 7; AGC 386F (1/b); Elias 270c; SCBC 8164
Weight: 3.5 gms
Diameter: 26.9 mm
Comment: These gold coins were for use in the English possessions in France.

Henry VI (Anglo-Gallic)

The only son and heir of Henry V and Catherine de Valois, and the grandson and heir of Charles VI of France, Henry VI was a person in whom many great expectations were invested, but who, because of his age and mental ill-health, not only precipitated the onset of the so-called "Wars of the Roses", but also reinvigorated French confidence in the Hundred Years War through English mismanagement and the appearance of Jeanne d'Arc.

Henry VI became king in 1422 with the sudden death of his father, a baby of only nine months. During the king's minority, a tripartite regency was established, made up of the king's uncles. By 1424, however, factionalism between the regents began to arise, so that by 1429 when Henry VI achieved his majority, many of the successes of Henry V in France were lost. During the first four years the reign of Henry VI, the salut d'or in the name of the young king was minted in the Gascon territory still under English control. The medieval religious imagery is readily apparent with the use of the Annunciation on the obverse and the lis and leopard passant, symbols of France and England respectively, flanking the cross on the reverse. The obverse is particularly apropos, since like the birth of the Divine Saviour who would bring peace to a weary world, the son of the King of England and the daughter of the King of France would bring together the war-weary French and English nations.

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