|Dynasty:||Primary Sceattas "Inscribed Runic"|
|Reigned:||710 - 720|
|Obverse:||Radiate bust left; retrograde Runic "EPA" before|
|Reverse:||Beaded 'standard' with "TOT II" legend; tufa above, cross below, pseudo-legend around|
|Reference:||Abramson 11.20; Metcalf 391-3; North 157; SCBC 813|
EARLY SILVER PENNIES ("SCEATTAS")
Although the earliest silver pennies are usually treated as a separate series from the gold tremisses, it is evident that they developed out of debased "shillings", although they were soon designated pence and accorded distinctive designs. It is now generally accepted that all the names inscribed in runes on these coins are those of moneyers, although it is possible that much of the English coinage struck before 750 is not necessarily regal.
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