|Description:||Stylised human bust in terracotta. Face with applied ears, damaged headress, horn-like arms held up.|
|Period:||C. 7th Century B.C.|
|Size:||Height 5 cm, 8 cm across arms|
The recorded history of Cyprus begins with the occupation of part of the island by Egypt in about or just before 1450 BC, during the reign of Thutmose III. In subsequent centuries seafaring and trading peoples from the Mediterranean countries set up scattered settlements along its coast. The first Greek colony is believed to have been founded by traders from Arcadia in about 1400 BC. The Phoenicians began to colonize the island in about 800 BC. Beginning with the rise of Assyria during the 8th century BC, Cyprus was under the control of each one of the empires that successively dominated the eastern Mediterranean. Assyrian authority was followed by Egyptian occupation (550 BC), then Persian (525 BC). During the Persian occupation, King Evagoras I, ruler of the Cypriot city of Salamis, made the first recorded attempt to unify the city-states of Cyprus. In 391 BC Evagoras, with the aid of Athens, led a successful revolt against Persia and temporarily made himself master of the island. Shortly after his death, however, Cyprus again became a Persian possession.
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